Basic horse care

Basic horse care

Basic horse care
Basic horse care

Finding a horse can be fun and exciting. Horses make good friends and can be kept:

ers who race horses in their area and owners of stallions must also have a Property Identification Code (PIC).

These requirements include:

adequate and appropriate feed
space and exercise
health care
treatment of illness or injury.

Feeding your horse

Horses must be able to obtain a sufficient amount of good quality food in the form of roughage (pasture, pasture or husks) to keep them in good physical condition. The guideline for the amount you should normally feed is 1-2 kg per 100kg of body weight per day or:

Pony (weighing up to 13.5 hands, 200-350kg)
they feed 3-7kg each day
Galloway (weighing 13.5-15, 350-500kg hands)
they feed 7-10kg each day
Horse (weighing 15-16.5 hands, 500-650kg)
feed 10-13kg each day
Heavy Horse (measuring 16.5 + hands, 650 + kg)
they feed 13+ kg each day
You may need additional support if:

the horse is always worked
there is not enough pasture
the horse loses its physical shape.
Serve with a lick of salt or a block of minerals in a paddock. Ask your veterinarian about proper feeding – grass clumps and large amounts of food scraps are not the right foods as they can make the horse sick.


Water on your horse

Clean water should always be available for your horse. A self-filling dam or tank is best and should be inspected regularly. Bath tubs can be used but should be inspected daily and refilled if necessary.

Buckets are not suitable as a permanent water supply (can be crushed).

If your water does not fill up it should be checked daily.

As a guide, a horse can drink 25-45 liters a day in hot weather.


The seat of your horse

Horses need shelter from the sun, wind, and rain. Appropriate horse shelters include:

entrance hall
in the stable.
A waterproof row can protect the horse from the cold conditions but check it daily to make sure it does not scratch, slip or leak.


Exercise and the location of your horse

Horses should have enough space for walking and running, unless they are used daily. Stable horses should have enough space to move forward, turn, lie down, and roll over. Sick horses may need to be confined under the supervision of a veterinarian.

Horses should not be tied for long. It is only acceptable for a short time. When combined the following requirements must be met:

access to water at all times
you exercise every day
the ability to lie down and stand without restraint
tether should be attached with a swivel collar or halter
twice daily tests
regular access to shelter, for horses this can be a tree shelter and a visible shelter
able to feed freely

Paddocks for your horse

Injury prevention and escape:

keep the fence in good condition
avoid threats such as loose cords
beware of attractions such as the neighboring horse
remove debris and weeds regularly

Horse health care and maintenance

Foot care

Horse hooves need to be cut every 6-8 weeks with a farrier. This prevents them from cutting or being too long and uncomfortable with your horse. Shoes are needed if the horse is to ride on hard or rocky ground.

Horse teeth need to be checked by a qualified and competent dentist at least once a year with a horse kept in a swimming pool. Untested teeth can be sharp, causing pain and damage to the mouth.

Horses under 5 years of age, as well as fed grain, require a dental check at least once every 3 to 6 months.


Pulling out your horse

Worm your horse regularly to prevent the formation of worms in the stomach and intestines. Most worming pastes need to be used every 6-8 weeks. Follow the directions on the product as frequency and price vary.

Reducing compost in your horse’s pit is an easy way to reduce frog contamination in the pasture.


Vaccination of horses

Your veterinarian will advise you on what and how often your horse should be vaccinated. They can recommend vaccinations for diseases such as tetanus, bacterial respiratory infections and sore throats.

Check the condition of your horse’s body
Do not let your horse get too fat or too thin:

a horse is too small when its ribs protrude (you should be able to hear, but do not see, horse ribs)
a horse is very fat if it has a round bump, a big belly and a pointed neck
The body condition of a horse should not be allowed to be below the physical condition 2.

See Horse Racing Status for more details.

Some horses can have laminitis, a very painful condition. In some cases irreversible damage may occur and require the horse to be “laid down”.

The most common causes of laminitis are obesity or very green or grain grazing and pony affected.

Always consult a veterinarian if your horse appears lame, uncomfortable or standing in water for a long time. More details on Laminitis.

Colic on horses

Colic refers to various digestive problems (intestines). Colic can be very painful and can have serious side effects, including death.

If you suspect that your horse has colic seek immediate animal care. Signs on your horse include:

lying down or rolling over regularly
grinding teeth
repeated kicks
looking at their sides or sides.

Diseases known in horses

Horses can suffer from a variety of ailments, some of which are known in Victoria.

The company of other horses
Horses are pets and need the company of other horses. This could be in the same booth or in a neighboring pad. Keeping a horse alone can lead to behavioral problems in the paddock or when riding outside.

Monitor and monitor your horse

Check your horse at least daily, making sure it is safe or sick and has enough food and water.

Contact a veterinarian if the horse is injured or sick. Frequently treated horses are usually easier to use for a visit to a farrier, vet or dentist.

Stallions are difficult to manage and are not as good as friends. All calves and carts must be gelded by a veterinarian, unless otherwise used for breeding. Geldings and mares are more controllable partners than stallions.


Disposal of your horse

If you can no longer take care of a horse, you should arrange for someone else to take care of it, sell it or improve it. It is far more gracious for a horse to be destroyed by man than to let it suffer indifference.

Horse sales can be done privately as using a friend or on paper, or the horse can be taken to a sardard at a public auction.


Riding your horse

If you have little or no experience riding a horse you should:

seek professional training or courses from a ride trainer
join a pony or adult horse club or boarding house.
This will help you learn to ride well and enjoy your time with the horse.

It is important to make good use of riding equipment. This will ensure your safety and prevent damage to your horse. Contact your local saddle seat or ride trainer for advice on proper equipment.

Breeding horses

Breeding horses should not be done indiscriminately and should only be done by experienced people (or with advice from experienced people), that is:

it’s expensive
it takes time too
requires special structures and knowledge.

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